José Mario Molina
  • 1995 Nobel Prize in Chemistry


Mexican chemist known for his pivotal role in the discovery of the Antarctic ozone hole. He elucidated the threat to the Earth's ozone layer of chlorofluorocarbon gases (or CFCs). He was
awarded the 1995 Nobel Prize in Chemistry with Frank Sherwood Rowland and Paul Crutzen "for their work
in atmospheric chemistry, particularly concerning the formation and decomposition of ozone". He became the first Mexican-born citizen to ever receive a Nobel Prize in Chemistry

Education and Work Experience

1972-1982, Postdoctoral Associate at UC Berkeley; Assistant Professor, Associate Professor at UC Irvine
1983-1989, Senior Research Scientist of Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Caltech
1990-2003, Professor, MIT
2004-2020, Professor at UC San Diego; Center for Atmospheric Sciences at Scripps Institution of Oceanography; Director of the Mario Molina Center for Energy and Environment in Mexico City.

Honors and Awards

1993, Member of the National Academy of Sciences 1995, Nobel Prize in Chemistry
1996, Member of the United States Institute of Medicine
2013, Presidential Medal of Freedom, United States of America

Major Academic Achievements

He is a pioneer and one of the main scientists in the world dedicated to atmospheric chemistry. He was co-author with Frank Sherwood Rowland, of the 1974 original article predicting the depletion of the ozone layer as a direct consequence of the emissions
of certain industrial gases, chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs), earning them the 1995 Nobel Prize in Chemistry. Likewise, his research and publications on the subject lead to
the United Nations Montreal Protocol, the first international treaty that has faced with effectiveness an environmental problem of global scale and anthropogenic origin.