Raj Reddy
  • 1994 Turing Award


Indian-American computer scientist, one of the early pioneers of Artificial Intelligence and in the construction of systems for recognizing continuous speech. In 1994, he and Edward Feigenbaum received the Turing Award, “for pioneering the design and construction of large-scale artificial intelligence systems, demonstrating the potential of artificial intelligence technology”.

Education and Work Experience

1966, Ph.D. in Computer Science, Stanford University
1979-1991, Founding Director of the Robotics Institute, Carnegie Mellon University
1991-1999, Dean of School of Computer Science, Carnegie Mellon University
1969-Present, Professor of Robotics Institute, Carnegie Mellon University

Honors and Awards

1994, Turing Award
2004, Okawa Prize
2006, Vannevar Bush Award
2011, IEEE Intelligent Systems AI's Hall of Fame

Major Academic Achievements

Raj Reddy’s AI research concentrated on perceptual and motor aspect of intelligence such as speech, language, vision and robotics. Reddy and his colleagues have made seminal contributions to task-oriented computer architectures, analysis of natural Scenes, universal access to information, and autonomous robotic Systems. Hearsay I was one of the first systems capable of continuous speech recognition. Subsequent systems like Hearsay II, Dragon, Harpy, developed many of the ideas underlying modern commercial speech recognition technology. Some of these ideas—most notably the "blackboard model" for coordinating multiple knowledge sources—have been adopted across the spectrum of applied artificial intelligence. His other major research interest has been in exploring the of "Technology in Servicer of Society".