According to CCTV News, the 3rd World Laureates Forum (WLF) that had last three days was concluded in Shanghai on November 1. The successful global scientific exchange event held in China received positive comments from both Chinese and foreign scientists.
The 3rd World Laureates Forum brought together 137 top science award winners worldwide including 61 Nobel Prize laureates, 30+ domestic academicians of Chinese Academy of Science and Chinese Academy of Engineering, and 100+ outstanding young scientists. The number of the scientists attending the Forum was twice that of last year. A total of 71 themed events such as WLF Laboratory Forum and Talent Program-Young Talent Exchange created a scientific feast for the public through a combination of online and offline methods.
Let’s see what the Nobel laureates say at the forum?
Former US Secretary of Energy Steven Chu: Scientists must cooperate across borders, and the competition in other fields should be avoided in the scientific community
According to Panorama News, in the morning of November 1, Steven Chu, the 1997 Nobel Laureate in Physics and former US Secretary of Energy, accepted a media interview via video at the 3rd World Laureates Forum. As the Secretary of Energy during Obama’s administration, Steven Chu stressed that America has made few changes in energy technology over the past few years. He bluntly said, “We do not want competition in other fields to happen in the scientific community. Scientists must cooperate across borders.”
Steven Chu said that scientific research is an international undertaking that requires countries to share their scientific results, so as to pool wisdom and work together to promote the progress of science and technology.
He gave an example. When he served as the Secretary of Energy during Obama’s administration, America, China and EU worked together to promote changes in energy technology, but America has made little progress in this aspect in the past few years. “I hope that the competition in other fields will not be brought to the scientific and technological field.” Steven Chou added that the exchanges and cooperation between scientists should be open and extensive, rather than be limited to some small areas. He mentioned in particular that scientists, especially young scientists, need to strengthen exchanges with top scientists not through textbooks, but through face-to-face communication and practice.
Michael Levitt, the 2013 Nobel Laureate in Chemistry: I am a big fan of Chinese technological products
The 73-year-old Michael Levitt is the 2013 Nobel Laureate in Chemistry. He said at the WLF, “I am a big fan of Chinese technological products. I like to use WeChat Pay, Alipay, DiDi, etc. In China, you don’t need to be able to speak Chinese. You can get things done simply with a mobile phone. China’s technology can and should go global.”
Nobel laureate Roger Kornberg: China has succeeded and done a great job
Roger Kornberg, Chairman of World Laureates Association, 2006 Nobel Laureate in Chemistry: Now, China may be the only country with the ability to hold such a scientific event. The flow of personnel is a huge challenge almost impossible to overcome. But China has succeeded and done a great job.
Father of HPV Vaccine: Men are advised to get vaccinated
At the 3rd World Laureates Forum held recently, CCTV reporters talked with Professor Harald zur Hausen via video, and conducted an exclusive interview on the HPV vaccine that had attracted much attention.
Harald zur Hausen, a German biomedical scientist, won the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 2008 for discovering the cause of cervical cancer.
He was born in Gelsenkirchen, Germany in 1936. In 1976, he proposed the hypothesis that human papillomavirus (HPV) is the main cause of cervical cancer lesions. Together with his collaborators, he identified the roles of HPV16 and HPV18 in the risk of cervical cancer in April 1983, which directly laid a foundation for available HPV vaccine against cervical cancer in 2006. Currently, China ranks second worldwide in terms of the incidence of cervical cancer.
Harald zur Hausen analyzed that men won’t get cervical cancer, but they are the main spreaders of virulence factors of HPV. Since men are more likely to spread HPV, it’s necessary for them to get HPV vaccination, so as to protect both their partners and themselves. HPV can also cause other cancers. But compared to cervical cancer that always attack women, men are less likely to suffer a disease caused by HPV.